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Posts Tagged R&D
December 19th, 2012 | Thema: News
In 2011 mechanical engineering companies in Germany spent around five billion euros on internal research and development. In addition, they awarded orders for external research and development of an amount of nearly 600 million euros. These figures have now been calculated by the Verband Deutscher Maschinen- und Anlagenbau (VDMA, or German Engineering Federation) from a survey of its members. According to the survey, R&D expenditures in mechanical engineering in 2011 amounted to 5.5 billion euros in total, nine per cent more than in 2010.
Internal R&D expenditures rose by seven per cent in comparison with the previous year, external expenditures by 27 per cent. Thus the proportion of external R&D funds of the total R&D budget in mechanical engineering reached double figures at eleven per cent for the first time since these VDMA statistics have been collated. The number of employees in research departments also rose with expenditures. The number of these staff grew by six per cent in mechanical engineering to a good 40,000. According to the survey, in company planning there is a further increase in R&D expenditures of three per cent in 2012, but next year a slight decline is expected. However, these plan figures also have to be treated with great uncertainty, according to the VDMA.
September 3rd, 2012 | Thema: News
Companies that conduct research are generally much more productive than those that do not – that is the conclusion of a recent study carried out by the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) in Berlin. In 2010 the productivity edge of companies that invest in Research and Development (R&D) was 57 per cent, measured by per capita added value. This means the gap between companies that conduct research and those that do not is becoming wider, according to the author of the study, Alexander Eickelpasch. It is also noticeable, he says, that the researching companies’ edge depends little on the sector and the size of the company.
The study also shows that expenditure on R&D in companies in Germany grew by an average of 3.8 per cent a year in the decade between 2000 and 2010. The four sectors that conduct the most research account for a good 90 per cent of the entire investments in R&D, with the automotive industry spending the most: 18 billon euros or just under 39 per cent. Mechanical engineering, the chemical industry and electrical engineering are among the branches of the economy that traditionally invest most heavily in research. In these companies the budgets for research are more or less constant. There were, on the other hand, increases in sectors that tend not to invest so much in research, such as the plastics industry and also in small and medium-sized firms.
Even though the positive trend in expenditure on R&D still continues, the long-term study makes it clear that investments in research are very much dependent on the economic situation: for instance, such investments were cut markedly because of the economic crisis in 2009. Accordingly, early indicators for 2012 show that companies are scaling down their budgets for research in view of the uncertain economic climate.
August 6th, 2012 | Thema: News
Continuing optimism, but more cautious than in previous years – this is the mood of German companies with respect to their commitment in research and development (R&D) in 2012. This view results from the R&D early indicator of the Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft (Foundation Association of German Science). Although the early indicator is still positive with a value of 0.25, thus indicating a continued rise in companies’ commitment in R&D, it is still well below previous years’ values of 0.44 in 2010 and 0.42 in 2011.
The Stifterverband’s early indicator gives first pointers to how research and development are developing in the German economy in the current year. It relates to assessments from 1,029 companies that the Stifterverband surveyed about the likely development of R&D expenditures in the second quarter of 2012. For this purpose 61 per cent of companies reported they would slightly increase their R&D expenditures compared to the previous year. A good eleven per cent even wanted to significantly raise their commitment. In contrast, 23 per cent of companies assumed they would spend less on R&D than in the previous year. The remaining companies saw no change.
May 14th, 2012 | Thema: News
The Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie (BDI, or Federation of German Industry) is demanding stronger support for innovations in companies from the public authorities in Europe. The proportion of European research support for companies had fallen for years, according to the BDI. German industry therefore welcomed the target of the EU Commission to strengthen competitiveness in Europe with the new EU framework programme “Horizon 2020 Innovations in Europe”.
The Federation is linking this appeal with the publication of the BDI study “Germany 2030 – Future perspectives for value creation”. This comes to the conclusion that in the upcoming decades abrupt changes in the economic environment and particularly in new technologies and also the political framework will increase. BDI experts assume that companies will form alliances and cross sector cooperation agreements to co-design change through innovations. According to the BDI the “Horizon 2020” programme had to reverse the trend while European support for research is falling.
April 30th, 2012 | Thema: News
Engineers drive innovation in Germany. This is the result of a survey by the Cologne Institute for Economic Research (IW Köln) in cooperation with the Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (VDI, or Association of German Engineers). According to this survey the five sectors in Germany with the highest proportion of engineers among their employees produce innovations worth around 73 billion euros every year. This is equivalent to more than 60 per cent of the expenditure on innovations made by the entire economy. Merely 12 per cent of employees in Germany work in these sectors.
According to the study these five innovations sectors are technical services and services in research and development, the electrical industry, mechanical engineering, vehicle construction and IT/telecommunications. At 562 billion euros the companies in these five sectors generated around 45 per cent of all German export income from trade in goods and services in 2011. In addition, these branches of industry achieved a foreign trade surplus of 223 billion euros – 47 per cent more than the entire economy put together, because other sectors posted a foreign trade deficit. According to information from the VDI a total of 1.6 million engineers work in Germany’s companies.